The Century Graphic is a cost-reduced Miniature Pacemaker Crown Graphic, made of ``Mahoganite,'' which is a kind of plastic. It comes with the highly-desirable Graflok back molded in as an integral part of the case. It also lacks a body-mounted shutter release, and is often found with a second-grade lens, such as a triplet, instead of the Tessar type lenses found on the miniature Speed/Crown Graphics.
The standard low-cost Century Graphic has the 103mm Graflex Graftar f/4.5, an astigmat lens in the Century shutter, with built-in M-F flash synchronization and speeds from 1/10 to 1/200. Other option lens equipment included the following lenses, all (presumably single) coated:
|Lens||Focal Length||Lens Design||Aperture||Shutter||Shutter Speeds
|Graflex Optar||101 mm||f/4.5||Tessar-type: 4 element||Graphex shutter with adjustable flash synchronization||1 to 1/800, B
|Kodak Ektar||101 mm||f/4.5||Tessar-type: 4 element||Synchro-Rapid 800 shutter with adjustable flash synchronization||1 to 1/400, B
|Kodak Ektar||105 mm||f/3.7||Heliar||Flash Supermatic with adjustable synchronization||1 to 1/400, T, B
|Graflex Graflar or Trioptar||101 mm||f/4.4||Triplet: 3 element||Graflex Century with M-F flash synchronization||1/10 to 1/200
The standard lens, the 101 mm f/4.5 Graflar or Trioptar, is the weakest and least expensive lens fitted to the Graflex lineup. It is a three-element triplet. The Tessar-type Kodak Ektar 101/4.5 and Graflex Optar 101/4.5 are better, and can be obtained for ~$50 (1995) in good condition.
Other good lenses which cover 2x3 and fit the lens board include the Wollensak 65/6.8 Graflex W.A. Optar and a similar Schneider Angulon.
The 101 mm Wollensak Raptar and OEM variant Optar are 4-element Tessar type lenses, as are the 101mm Kodak Ektars (f/4.5). There are also 105mm f/3.7 Ektars (and the occasional f/3.5 100mm Ektars) which are 5-element Heliar lenses. (The 100/3.5 Ektar from the Kodak Medalist is quite good, and can be used on a Centiry Graphic.) A few of the late production Century Graphics were shipped with the Schneider 80mm/2.8 Xenotars.
You may also adapt lenses from the Graflex XL, among those are 100mm Zeiss Tessars and 80mm Zeiss Planars.
The Century is thin enough to focus a 47mm WA. The limit of bellows draw is around 150mm for a non-telephoto lens. The 8" Tele Optar telephoto is a true telephoto, which means that even with its 203mm focal length, it has a short bellows draw of 180mm.
If you change lenses, you should be able to adjust the optional side-mounted Kalart rangefinder for up to about 135mm, but not anything much longer.
The Graflok back, being molded into the case, is not an accessory, but it is a highly desirable feature, since of the 2x3 Graphics, only those with Graflok backs can easily be fitted with roll film backs.
The side-mounted Kalart rangefinder was an option, and is quite useful. The top-mounted optical tube viewfinder is also an option.
A pistol-style grip, the Graflex Multi-Grip for Century 23 (Catalog 9#9127) was offered for Century Graphics, to improve hand-held photography. It attaches by a tripod screw and provides a thumb-actuated shutter release. The grip also fits the Graflex XL.
|Graflok back takes holders for sheet, roll, or [obsolete] pack film ... provides ground glass focusing .. accepts the Graflarger which converts camera into an enlarger.||Double Extensions Bellows permits extreme close-up photography. Copying 1-to-1 is simple. Ground glass back insures accurate focus and composition.|
|Removable Lensboard permits interchanging of lenses. In addition to standard and speed lenses, wide-angle and telephoto lenses are available for cramped areas or distant subjects.||Rising, Shifting, Tilting, Front aids control of perspective and distortion on difficult subjects. A drop bed is provided for wide-angle work.|
|Coupled Range-Finder. This is optional auxillary equipment. It may be ordered with your camera or added later. May be fitted with focusing light for use in the dark.||Rugged Construction is combined with compactness and lightness, thanks to Mahoganite ... a new, almost indestructable, climate-proof material which provides the highest degree of accuracy.|
|Flash Synchronization is built into all normal Century Graphic lens-shuuter combinations and fitted with ASA flash contacts.||Viewfinders -- two are provided: (1) a press-type frame viewfinder for fast, accurate picture-taking; (2) (optional) a parallax-corrected eye-level optical finder with interchangeable lens masks.|